How Many Teeth Do German Shepherds Have? Teething Timeline & Dental Care

German Shepherds have 42 teeth in total. German Shepherds, known for their intelligence and loyalty, are a popular breed of dog that is often used in police and military work.

They are known for their strong jaws and sharp teeth, which play a vital role in their ability to perform tasks such as biting and holding on to objects. So, how many teeth do German Shepherds have? German Shepherds have a total of 42 teeth, which consist of incisors, canines, premolars, and molars.

Understanding a dog’s dental structure is essential for their overall health and well-being. We will explore the different types of teeth German Shepherds have and their functions.

German Shepherd Teething Process

German Shepherd Teething Process

When It Happens

German Shepherd puppies, which are pets and belong to the mammal species, go through a teething process that begins around 3 to 4 months of age and can last up to 7 months. This is a natural phase in the development of wolves as they transition from their baby teeth to adult teeth. During this time, your puppy may exhibit behaviors like excessive drooling and chewing on objects due to new teeth.

The teething process involves the eruption of the puppy’s adult teeth, causing discomfort and irritation in their gums. As a result, puppies often seek relief by chewing on various items such as toys, bones, or even household objects. It’s essential for pet owners to provide appropriate chew toys or treats specifically designed for teething puppies to help soothe their discomfort.

Managing Discomfort

To alleviate the discomfort associated with teething, consider providing your German Shepherd puppy with specially formulated chews or treats that are gentle on their sensitive gums. Frozen items such as carrots or rubber toys can offer relief to new teeth by numbing the gums and providing a soothing sensation.

Another helpful strategy for pets is to incorporate dry kibble treats into your puppy’s diet since the crunchiness of kibble can aid in massaging the gums during chewing. Furthermore, some pet owners find success in using products like bitter apple spray on objects that shouldn’t be chewed to deter unwanted behavior while offering appropriate alternatives for pets.

Timeline of German Shepherd Teething Stages

Incisors Eruption (3 to 4 Months)

German Shepherds, pets, start the teething process with their incisors at around 3 to 4 months old. During this stage, the puppy’s baby teeth will gradually fall out as the adult incisors begin to emerge. This is a crucial time for pet owners to provide appropriate chew toys and treats to help soothe any discomfort caused by the teething process.

At this point, it’s essential for pet parents to keep an eye on their furry friend’s behavior and make sure they’re not excessively chewing on inappropriate items like furniture or shoes. By providing suitable alternatives, such as specially designed teething toys, pet owners can help alleviate any discomfort while protecting household items from potential damage.

Canines Eruption (4 to 5 Months)

The next stage in a German Shepherd puppy’s teething journey involves the eruption of their canine teeth, which typically occurs between 4 and 5 months of age. These sharp, pointed teeth are used for tearing food and are significantly larger than the incisors that emerged earlier in the process. ///

During this period, it’s common for puppies to experience increased drooling and a strong urge to chew due to gum irritation in pets. Owners should continue offering safe chew options while ensuring that their pet receives proper dental care through regular brushing and check-ups with a veterinarian.

Premolars Eruption (5-6 Months)

Between 5 and 6 months old, German Shepherds enter another important phase in their teething development: the eruption of premolars. These flat-topped teeth located behind the canines play a key role in grinding food during eating.

As these new teeth emerge, it’s vital for owners to maintain good oral hygiene practices by introducing toothbrushing early on so that it becomes part of their pet’s routine without causing stress or anxiety. Providing appropriate dental chews can contribute positively towards keeping your dog’s mouth clean during this transitional period.

Molars Eruption (6-7 Months)

Finally, at approximately 6-7 months old, German Shepherds complete their teething journey with the emergence of molars, marking an end to this developmental milestone. The molars are situated at the back of your dog’s mouth and serve as powerful tools for crushing food before swallowing.

During this final stage of teething, it’s crucial for owners not only ensure that all baby teeth have fallen out but also be vigilant about maintaining good dental habits moving forward into adulthood.

Symptoms and Signs of German Shepherd Teething

Teething Discomfort

German Shepherds have 28 baby teeth, also known as deciduous teeth, which they start to develop at around three weeks old. As these baby teeth begin to fall out and are replaced by adult teeth, teething discomfort can cause a range of symptoms in your furry friend.

Teething discomfort often leads to increased chewing behavior and mouthing in German Shepherds. You may notice that your puppy is more inclined to chew on various objects or even use its mouth more during playtime. This behavior is a natural response to the irritation caused by the teething process.

Moreover, swollen or inflamed gums are common signs that your German Shepherd is experiencing teething discomfort. The pressure from emerging adult teeth can lead to redness and swelling in the gums, causing some level of pain for your pet. It’s essential to monitor this closely and ensure that the discomfort does not escalate.


Another sign of teething in German Shepherds is drooling more than usual. As their gums become irritated during the teething process, it’s normal for dogs to produce excess saliva. While this can be messy at times, it’s an indication that their bodies are responding naturally to alleviate some of the soreness associated with teething.

You might observe loss of appetite or difficulty eating, which could point towards your dog experiencing discomfort while transitioning from baby teeth to adult ones. The act of biting down on food might become painful due to swollen gums or loose baby teeth, leading them to avoid their regular meals temporarily.

Remedies for Soothing a Teething German Shepherd Puppy

Appropriate Chew Toys

It’s essential to address their teething discomfort. Providing appropriate chew toys designed for teething puppies can offer them temporary relief. Look for toys that are soft and specially made to soothe their sore gums.

German Shepherd puppies have 28 baby teeth, which will eventually be replaced by 42 adult teeth as they grow. It’s crucial to give them suitable chew toys during this transition phase to prevent them from chewing on inappropriate items, such as furniture or shoes. Examples of suitable chew toys include rubber rings, ropes, and textured balls specifically created for teething puppies.

Frozen Treats or Ice Cubes

Another effective way to alleviate your teething German Shepherd puppy’s discomfort is by offering frozen treats or ice cubes wrapped in a cloth for them to chew on. The cold sensation can help numb their gums and reduce inflammation, providing much-needed relief.

You can make frozen treats using ingredients like plain yogurt or broth mixed with water and then freezing the mixture in ice cube trays. Once frozen, wrap the ice cubes in a clean cloth before giving them to your puppy. The cold temperature will help soothe their sore gums while also keeping them entertained.

Gently Massage Their Gums

In addition to appropriate chew toys and frozen treats, gently massaging your teething German Shepherd puppy’s gums with your finger or a soft cloth soaked in cold water can also provide relief. This gentle pressure helps stimulate blood flow in the gums and may alleviate some of the discomfort associated with teething.

To massage their gums effectively, wet a clean cloth with cold water and gently rub it along your puppy’s gum line using circular motions. You can also use your clean finger if they allow it; just ensure that both your hands are thoroughly washed before doing so.

Dental Care Essentials for German Shepherds

Proper Brushing Technique

It’s crucial to prioritize their dental care. Regular brushing using a dog-specific toothbrush and toothpaste is essential. This helps prevent plaque and tartar buildup, promoting good oral health. To brush your German Shepherd’s teeth effectively, use gentle circular motions to cover all surfaces.

It’s important to introduce them gradually to the process, making it a positive experience by offering rewards and praise after each session. By establishing a routine early on, you can help your German Shepherd become more comfortable with the brushing process as they grow older.

Balanced Diet for Oral Health

Feeding your German Shepherd a balanced diet plays a significant role in maintaining their dental health. A diet that supports good oral health includes high-quality dry kibble or wet food formulated specifically for large breeds like German Shepherds. These formulas often contain ingredients that contribute to dental health, such as crunchy textures that help remove plaque as the dog chews.

Incorporating raw bones into their diet can also assist in cleaning their teeth naturally while providing essential nutrients. However, always consult with your veterinarian before introducing any new foods into your dog’s diet.

Dental Chews and Treats

In addition to regular brushing and a balanced diet, providing dental chews or treats designed to reduce plaque and tartar buildup is beneficial for maintaining your German Shepherd’s oral hygiene. These specially formulated products are effective at promoting healthy gums and reducing bad breath.

When selecting dental chews or treats for your German Shepherd, look for options approved by veterinary dentists that meet specific safety standards. It’s important to choose the right size chew appropriate for your dog’s weight and chewing habits.

Common Reasons for German Shepherd Teeth Loss

Periodontal Disease

German shepherds, like humans, can suffer from periodontal disease due to poor dental hygiene. When their teeth are not properly cared for, plaque and tartar build-up can lead to gum inflammation and infection. This condition can cause the loss of teeth in German shepherds. Without regular brushing or professional cleanings, bacteria can damage the gums and supporting bone structure.

This is why it’s crucial for German shepherd owners to prioritize their pet’s dental health by regularly brushing their teeth with dog-specific toothpaste and providing them with appropriate chew toys that promote dental hygiene.

Trauma or Injury

Another reason for tooth loss in German shepherds is trauma or injury to the teeth or gums. Accidents such as falling from a height, being hit by objects, or engaging in rough play can result in broken or damaged teeth. Biting hard objects may also cause fractures leading to eventual tooth loss.

To prevent such incidents, it’s important to ensure that your German shepherd is not exposed to situations where they could sustain injuries that affect their oral health. Providing safe toys and monitoring their activities closely will help reduce the risk of traumatic tooth loss.

Genetic Factors

Genetic factors and malocclusion (misalignment of the teeth) are also significant contributors to tooth loss in German shepherds. Some dogs may inherit genes that predispose them to dental issues such as weak enamel or crowded/unevenly spaced teeth.

While genetic factors cannot be controlled entirely, responsible breeding practices aimed at reducing hereditary dental problems among German shepherds should be encouraged within the breeding community. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian will also aid in identifying any potential genetic-related dental issues early on.

Identifying Potential Dental Problems in German Shepherds

Bad Breath

German Shepherds typically have 42 teeth, which is the same as most other dog breeds. If you notice that your German Shepherd has bad breath, it could be a sign of dental issues. Even after brushing, persistent bad breath can indicate problems like gum disease or tooth decay.

Persistent bad breath might also suggest the presence of harmful bacteria in your dog’s mouth. These bacteria can lead to plaque buildup and eventually cause more severe dental problems if left untreated.

Red, Swollen Gums

When checking for potential dental problems in your German Shepherd, pay close attention to their gums. Red, swollen, or bleeding gums are indicators of gum disease (gingivitis) or even periodontal disease.

If you observe these symptoms, it’s essential to take action promptly by consulting with a veterinarian. Ignoring these signs may lead to further complications such as infection and tooth loss.

Loose or Missing Teeth

Another critical aspect of monitoring your German Shepherd’s oral health is keeping an eye out for any loose or missing teeth. This could be due to various reasons such as trauma from chewing on inappropriate items like rocks or hard toys.

Missing teeth can significantly impact your dog’s ability to chew food properly and may cause discomfort when eating. It’s crucial to address this issue early on by seeking professional veterinary care.

Discoloration or Tartar Buildup Discoloration and tartar buildup on the teeth are common signs of poor oral hygiene in dogs, including German Shepherds. Tartar accumulation can contribute to gum irritation and inflammation if not addressed through regular dental care routines such as brushing and professional cleanings.

Inappropriate Items

Chewing on inappropriate items like rocks or hard toys can result in damaged teeth for German Shepherds. These activities put excessive pressure on their teeth which may lead to fractures, chips, or even complete tooth loss over time.


Understanding the dental structure of German Shepherds is crucial for their overall health and well-being. With a total of 42 teeth, including incisors, canines, premolars, and molars, these working dogs rely on their strong bite force and sharp teeth for various purposes.

Maintaining proper dental hygiene is essential to prevent dental diseases such as gum infections, plaque buildup, and tooth loss. Regular brushing, dental check-ups, and a balanced diet can help keep their teeth in good condition. Additionally, providing them with appropriate chew toys can satisfy their natural instincts and promote healthy teeth and gums.

By prioritizing their dental care, you can ensure that your German Shepherd will lead a happier and healthier life. Remember, a healthy smile leads to a happy dog!

Frequently Asked Questions For How Many Teeth Do German Shepherds Have

What Teeth Do German Shepherds Lose?
German Shepherds typically lose their baby or deciduous teeth before their permanent or adult teeth come in.

How Many K9 Teeth Do German Shepherds Have?
German Shepherds typically have a total of four canine teeth.

Are German Shepherd Teeth Different Than Other Dogs?
Yes, German Shepherd teeth are distinctive when compared to other dog breeds.

Do German Shepherds Have Strong Teeth?
Yes, German Shepherds do have strong teeth.

Leave a Comment